Title: Spatial Analysis of Residents’ Quality of Life in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria
The study examined the socio-economic characteristics of the residents in Ibadan metropolis; evaluated the quantity and quality of infrastructure; examined residents’ satisfaction in the quality and quantity of infrastructure; identified and documented the spatial pattern of residents’ quality of life in the study area; and identified and examined factors influencing the residents’ quality of life (QoL) perception. These were with a view to using information obtained as decision support systems for policy makers for intervention purposes in improving the residents QoL Using stratified sampling technique, a total of fifteen political wards from the five local government areas across the different residential zones in Ibadan metropolis were selected for study. Primary data for the study were collected through the questionnaire administered on 1,035 respondents (2% of household heads in all the residential buildings in the metropolis), using systematic sampling technique. Information obtained included socioeconomic characteristics of residents, availability and adequacy of infrastructure, factors influencing residents’ quality of life perception in the study area. Descriptive and inferential statistics such as frequency tables, mean weight indices, chi-square, analysis of variance, factor analysis were employed to analyse the data obtained. Findings from the study showed that the differences in the income of residents across the three residential areas were significant. (F=114.175 and p=0.000). Income increased as distance increased from the core to sub-urban residential areas of the metropolis. Facilities that were low in adequacy included fire station, maternity centre, dispensary, communication facilities, security/police post, among others. The least five facilities that residents were very dissatisfied with were waste disposal facilities, nursery/primary school, security/police post, recreational facilities and transport network. Findings also showed that not all essential facilities were available in the study area. Facilities such as potable water supply, restaurant, dispensary, drainage, electricity supply, waste disposal, fire station, public toilet and general hospital were in low supply. Facilities with poor physical quality than the average index for the study area and with indices of 1.33, 1.42, 1.93, 1.97, 2.01, 2.04 and 2.08 were market, church, waste disposal, library, communication, security/police post, public toilet, good layout plan and recreation. Using 5-point Likert scale. It showed that the average index for the study area was 4.30. The indices recorded for the core, transition and sub-urban residential areas were 4.30, 4.28 and 4.32 respectively. The level of satisfaction enjoyed by residents on a 5-point Likert scale showed that the average satisfaction index for the study area was as low as 3.57. An index of 3.57 was also computed for each of the residential areas. To show how poor the qualities of services for these indicators were, the satisfaction expressed by residents on the same set of indicators was 3.91, 3.01, and 3.66 respectively. The study identified four important factors influencing the quality of life in the study area. Factor analysis established that socio-economic and environmental, infrastructure, safety and individual factors and jointly explained 27.4%, 22.1%, 10.6% and 6.2% of the variance respectively. The four factors mutually explained 66.3% of the variance. The study concluded that residents’ quality of life in the study area was poor and varied along the residential pattern reflecting the residents’ socio-economic, environmental, infrastructure, safety and individual characteristics in Ibadan metropolitan area.
OLATUNJI Solomon Ayodeji hails from Oyan, Odo-Otin Local Government of Osun State. He obtained B.Tech (Hons) in Urban and Regional Planning from Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso in the year 2006 and has a Master Degree from Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife, Nigeria in the year 2012. Since the year 2013, he has been working on his PhD at African Institute of Geospatial Information Science and Technology (AFRIGIST) formally known as RECTAS. His research focus is on Spatial Analysis of Residents’ Quality of Life in Ibadan Metropolis. He has many books, journals and conference papers to her credit.
Olatunji is currently the CEO/ Managing Director of Ayo Olatunji Consultants Limited and an accredited Consultants to Town Planners Registration Council of Nigeria (TOPREC), Department of Petroleum Resources (DPR), National Environmental Standard and Regulation Agency (NESREA) and has participated in several projects. He is a Registered Town Planner and Member Nigerian Institute of Town Planners.
Olatunji S. A. (2018). Spatial Analysis of Residents’ Quality of Life in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria. PhD Dissertation, Africa Regional Institute for Geospatial Information Science and Technology (AFRIGIST);
Supervisor: Prof Afon A. O.
Co-Supervisor: Dr Aboyeji O. S.